Oral communication as the name suggests refers to communication through the mouth, it can be carried out in the form of face to face meetings, through telephone or mobile, presentations, speeches and other such mediums. Given below are some of the advantages and disadvantages of oral communication –
Oral Communication Advantages
Quick and Fast
The biggest advantage of oral communication is that it is very quick in the sense that one does not has to go through the lengthy process of communicating through formal channels as one can convey the message directly to the person for whom it is intended and get the result instantly.
Another benefit of oral communication is that it is very flexible because superior can alter the oral order easily according to the feedback of their subordinates but when it comes to written communication altering the written order is a tough and time-consuming task.
No chance of Misunderstanding
Another advantage of oral communication is that chances of misunderstanding are very less as one can clear his or her doubts instantly from the person who is giving the orders or instructions and therefore the communication will be more effective in achieving the desired task.
Ideal for Groups
If one wants to communicate information to a large number of people than oral communication is the only option as one cannot give communication in writing to each and every person of the group.
Oral Communication Disadvantages
No Legal Validity
The biggest disadvantage of this communication is that in legal language it is not valid, so if some legal problem arises than written communication can be shown as evidence which is not possible in case of oral communication as it cannot be carried out as proof in courts.
No Weight and Accountability
Another disadvantage of this communication is that it is not taken seriously by the person receiving the message and in case of official communication it is the written communication which carries weight and it is easy to make people accountable on the basis of written orders which is not the case with oral communication.
Not suitable for Lengthy Messages
It is good for short messages but if one wants to convey a long message to the recipient than it is not possible because long messages are difficult to remember and chances are the person giving the instructions may forget important points leading to a gap in communication.
Unlike written communication which is organized and contain information point to point oral communication is less organized which results in confusing information to the recipient resulting in failure of the communication process.
As one can see from the above that oral communication has advantages as well as disadvantages and any company or individual thinking of adopting only this communication will face difficulties as both oral and written communication go hand in hand.